Penny has university qualifications in Zoology and other fields as well as more than 40 years experience working on the ecology and taxonomy of invertebrates in Australia and elsewhere.
What got you interested in working on invasive species issues?
Finding that there were numerous introduced exotic species of Collembola (Springtails) in Australia that were outcompeting native species. These small, wingless insects are usually found in soil and leaf litter throughout the world, but in Australia they have become a serious pest crop.
Why do you contribute to the Invasive Species Council?
Because invasive species have caused serious damage to native fauna and flora in the past so it is important to prevent further invasions and control existing ones.
Which invasive species really gets under your skin and why?
All - cats, foxes, camels, BCAs, and Springtails of course.